1. Maslow's hierarchy of needs
2. 16 desires of life: power, independence, curiosity, acceptance, order, saving, honor, idealism, social contact, family, status, vengeance, romance, eating, physical exercise, and tranquility. Each persons' desire profile would be unique with the exception of need for acceptance and idealism.
3. Aristotle - concept of highest good (eudaimonia)
4. Chakra system - equivalent to Maslow's hierarchy in the west